So Turing Got It Wrong?

I encounter many articles from sources between eager geeks, silicon valley billionaire pasychopaths and highly qualified academics on topics related to artificial intelligence, neural networks and deep learning. But as they witter on about algorithms, big data and ever more powerful computers they do not seem to grasp  there is more to human conscious intelligence which we are nowhere near to understanding but which must be understood if we are to to model human intuition.

The Turing Test, developed in the 1950s by computer pioneer Alan Turing was intended to discriminate between humans and machines by asking  certain questions of a machine or a human and observing answers which a human is expected to give and that would be impossible for a machine to answer. We can consider this emotional intelligence as an area the machine would not be able to understand.

The only machine yet claimed to have passed the test was presented to judges as a 12 year old Ukrainian boy who had not been learning English for very long. Nothing like cheating to get the result you want is there? Machine learning models can learn some probabilistic parameters to come up with an output representations but cannot understand the emotions or expression or feelings behind a statement.

There is more than just probability estimation in human intelligence. A more relevant question is how can we model consciousness? If we could model consciousness,we could then have an understanding whether an individual is experiencing an emotion and that it will reflect in the way it is giving out those answers.

So the ultimate question is “How do we model Consciousness?”

That’s is the great question all the people who post on A I, neural networks, deep learning and the rest should be able to answer, but cannot.

We have no idea how human consciousness evolved, what triggered that leap from the mammal mind (some would say the mammal brain, because the mind is the home of that mystery which makes us human.) Both evolutionists and religionists agree there is “something” about humankind that separates us from even the large brained animals, but nobody can explain what a human mind actually is.

Some years ago I had an extended stay in hospital after a catastrophic brain haemorrhage. It took out about 35% of my brain tissue and the initial prognosis was there would be little left of what made me who I am. Amazingly my memory, together with language and cognitive skills survived almost intact (I was paralyzed on one side but I was still me.) Nobody was offering explanations though I asked many times, wanting to understand what had happened to me, until some months later, while talking to an endocrinologist who was investigating the blood disorder that had led my blood pressure to spike, and he said, “We are only just beginning to understand that the brain and the mind are two very different things.”

What is the human mind? How does it relate to the brain? Dogs, Chimpanzees and Dolphins can be playful and can relate to members of other species, but they cannot handle abstract ideas. Why do we not see animals with minds? There are no physical characteristics of the human brain that suggest they provide thecreative and processing power that defines human thought and problem solving skills.

If we think of just a few of the qualities which make homo sapiens sapiens (literally ‘man who knows he knows’) unique among all living creatures we start to get an idea of the magnitude of task facing those who aspire to create human — like intelligence in a computer.

I have always said, “the only way we can hope to create true artificial intelligence is by radically redefining what we mean by intelligence.”

 

Amnesty International: “US & allies war of annihilation” in Raqqa, Syria had devastating toll on civilians.

Note: The direct link to the Amnesty report contained in this post is at the time of writing blocked by the EU and hidden by search engine filters elsewhere. People who think internet censorship is a conspiracy theory please take that on board.

The four-month military operation carried out by the US-led Coalition to oust the Islamic State from Raqqa (Syria), killed hundreds of civilians, injured many more and destroyed much of the city. This report from human rights group Amnesty International documents the experiences of four families whose cases are emblematic of wider patterns. Eight months on, the Coalition remains in denial about the human tragedy resulting from its military campaign.

Amnesty International is urging Coalition members to promptly and impartially investigate allegations of international law violations and civilian casualties, and to provide reparation to the victims and adequate assistance for the desperately needed demining and reconstruction work.

DOWNLOAD & READ the Full Report IN eNGLISH (pdf)

The ‘Hunger Stones’ Crush Climate Change ‘Warmageddon’ Scaremongers.

Authored by Martin Armstrong via ArmstrongEconomics.com,

Every time during the past twenty years when there has been a spell of unusually hot weather, the Global Warming fanatics have come crawling out from under the stones they hope wil protect them from the rampant sun’s merciless rays, screaming, “We told you so, you horrible climate deniers, the earth is being fried because you insist on driving cars, heating your homes, cooking you food and earning a living. And while they blether incoherently and unscientifically about carbon dioxide and human activity they continue to ignore history. The extreme heat in Europe this year is part of well (if unusually documented) irregular cycle.

Swings from extreme heat to extreme cold have been going on throughout recorded history. They have been recorded by medieval monks, renaissance era scholars, enlightenment era scientists and since the medieval era at least, by people with club hammers and stone chisels. One of the most unusual but irrefutable sets of historical evidence we have, and which is ignored by climate change scaremongers are known as the Hunger Stones.

Pictured above is a Hunger Stone from 1616 which has been exposed by the low level of water in the Elbe River.

Such events have been recorded when drought has resulted in the low level of water in the Elbe river.

The above scene is at Decin, in the Czech Republic. Throughout the centuries, there have been cycles of extreme heat followed by extreme cold (e.g. so called the mini ice age, when the River Thames in London froze each winter for several years and Londoners held ‘frost fairs’ on the ice).  Such fairs were also common in Europe where continental weather effcts generally make the winters colder than Britain’s

The hot, dry weather in Europe has, for the recorded time in over a century, exposed  the Hunger Stones that have been used for centuries to commemorate historic droughts which warn of their consequences when you see these stones again.It might be unwise to infer anything from this gap, given Europe’s political history in the twentieth centure it’s possible droughts occurred at times when people in Germany and central Europe faced bigger worries than drought.

The Hunger Stones are visible this year in the Elbe a major river which rises in the Czech Republic and flows west through Germany. There are more than a dozen Hunger Stones that serve as records of previous droughts establishing that the extreme heat and drought of this year is by no means unique to history.

The various Hunger Stones record droughts droughts that resulted in crop failure and famine on the stones dated 1417, 1616, 1707, 1746, 1790, 1800, 1811, 1830, 1842, 1868, 1892, and 1893, which covers a period of 476 years, which would take us from the end of the ‘medieval warm period’ to the end of the nineteenth century.You may remember in one of the most notorious global warming frauds, Professor Michael Mann, creator of the now ridiculed ‘hockey stick graph’ erased the medieval warm period from history.

Basing his calculations on tree ring data from bog oaks, tree trunks preserved in peat bogs, which he claimed showed no unusual climate trends in the medieval warm period (which lasted several hundred years,) because the tree rings in preserved oaks pulled from north European bogs showed average or less than average growth. Mann only succeeded in proving he is either dishonest or stupid. Cool weather is not the only cause of poor growth rates as any gardener or a novice biology student could tell you. Hot, dry weather will adversely affect growth as will any unusually dry period. Trees and plants need carbon dioxide, oxygen, temeratures in the right range, and water to grow.

Some scientific types have already noted that if we look at the above drought data it produces a gap average of 39.6 years.This only proves that scientists, like Michael Mann are idiots and wankers. A quick glance at the data would show there’s no regular pattern there. An intelligent person would immediately understand this is not a scientific record and the data is probably incomplete.

It is worth noting that two drought years used to obtain that average, 1892 and 1893 are back-to-back. It’s highly unlikely there were two separate droughts,  it probable there was ab extended dry period. In fact, additional evidence that is being ignored by the Global Warming crowd who seem intent upon leading society to its doom by ignoring the past entirely and persuading governments we must suck every molecule of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere (thus making the existence on Earth of carbon based life – forms – i.e. everything including us,) impossible.

 

Scary science: Fears surrounding human re-animation

I’ve said it before and no doubt I will say it again, many many times. Scientists are insane. What’s more, in their crazy pursuit of fame, glory and world domination they now seem to have thrown any pretence of ethics out of the window. What same human being could possibly think it is a good idea to reanimate human corpses after natural death, or to keep brains alive and fuctioning in a laboratory jar?
Nobody, surely, it is the stuff of ridiculous Hollywood B movies in the 1950s, mad scientists working in forsaken gothic mansions or the holowed out magma chambers of extinct volcanoes. Laboratoies filled bubbling, gurgling jars and the echoing sound of manic laughter as the main character contemplates his army of revenants conquering the world as he plays something spooky by J S Bach on a Cathedral organ. Yeah, it’s effing ridiculous.
Except it’s not.
A Yale University research team claim to have successfully completed and experiment which reanimated the pig brains after the animals had been slaughtered for chops and bacon. Neuroscientists being excitable creatures with all the intellectual depth of an oil stain, this has prompted a  lot of babble and a few research grant applications based on speculation that human trials could be next.  This in turn has reignited ethical concerns  about scientists trying to usurp god and pursue the goal of of immortality.

As the quest for everlasting life appears to be something these science nuts believe could offer great advances for humanity rather than being inevitably catastrophic (imagine if no one died and no one was born, or worse if no one died and the population kept growing ,  what are the key concerns raised by these experiments?

Nottingham Trent University ethics researcher Benjamin Curtis says ending up as a disembodied brain is likely to  be a “living hell.” Writing in The Conversation he suggested that living in total isolation with no external stimuli and without any actual contact with reality could be a fate worse than death.

“Some have argued that even with a fully functional body, immortality would be tedious. With absolutely no contact with external reality, it might just be a living hell,” Curtis has written.

In the Yale University experiments, led by neuroscientist Nenad Sestan, the pigs did not regain consciousness but Sestan acknowledged that restoring awareness is a possibility and that the technique could work on humans, keeping the brain alive indefinitely. We should not forget however, that in a prize winning experiment a few years ago, neuroscientists discovered meaningful brain activity in a dead fish. Now finding meaningful brain activity in the brain of a live fish might be miraculous, but finding it in a dead fish only proves the nerds don’t know much about how atoms work.

Speaking to RT.com Curtis explained (rather obviously to those of us who rely on common sense,) that the brain is highly integrated with the rest of the body in both humans and animals. It is constantly receiving and sending signals from and to it. “We have no idea what experiences would occur within a disembodied brain. But those experiences may well be deeply disturbing,” he said.

But what is a brain without a body to host it? Renowned neuroscientist Antonio Damasio says without a constant “feedback loop” between brain and body, ordinary experiences and thought are simply not possible. I remember being told in 1997, while in rehab, recovering 9somwhat surprisingly) from a massive brain haemorr”hage, that “We doctors are only now starting to understand that the brain and the mind are very different things.

Damasio’s view was echoed by Dr. Evan Thompson,  philosophy professor at the University of British Columbia. Thompson told RT.com, “Consciousness and mind function are dependent on the brain being functionally integrated with the rest of the body.

In other words, it’s not possible for a disembodied brain to house a normal mind. “The brain and body are in constant electrochemical communication with each other with multiple and dense feedback loops. Take that away, and mental function isn’t likely to be possible,” he said.

Curtis expresses the opinion that the promise of eternal life is not worth the risk of subjecting a disembodied but conscious human brain to “an existence of hellish tedium, or to the mental torture of inescapable madness.”

He said that even if disembodied brains did function more or less as they do now they will still be receiving no input from the outside world whatsoever. “There would be no sights, smells, sounds, or tactile feelings at all. Just an enduring inescapable emptiness,” he said to RT.com.

“I suppose this might be OK for a short while, but for any length of time I doubt any ordinary person would be able to cope.”

“One could perhaps tell oneself stories, or write poems in one’s mind, but with no-one to communicate them to, I imagine this would be cold comfort. In eternity, one would most likely end up repeating the same kinds of thoughts over and over to oneself, a body-less Sisyphus with no way to bring an end to the futility and meaningless of your situation.”

Mind uploading

The quest for immortality is going in differirections that take it beyond the the ‘brain in a jar,’ concept however, for some the ultimate goal of preserving their brain is at eternal life. Presumably they hope to achieve this by constantly patching us up with second hand parts from a human scapyard, the way old cars have been patched up with spares drom a scrapyard.

In March, startup company Nectome revealed it is aiming to develop technology that could preserve the brain while keeping all memories in tact and then upload these to a server so a person can experience eternal digital life. The team has already managed to fully preserve a rabbit and pig brain.

Head transplants

Meanwhile, Italian surgeon Sergio Canavero is determined to complete the world’s first live human head transplant. Last last year, he claims, he completed the world’s first such operation between two corpses.

*

A 30-year-old Russian man who suffers from Werdnig-Hoffmann disease put himself forward as a volunteer for the transplant in 2015, prompting ethical concerns from the wider scientific community.

“I would not wish this on anyone,”said Dr. Hunt Batjer, former president of the American Association for Neurological Surgeons. “I would not allow anyone to do it to me as there are a lot of things worse than death.”

In their paper‘Operation Frankenstein: Ethical reflections of human head transplantation,’ Joshua Cuoco and John R. Davy from the New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine argued the procedure could cause substantial psychological difficulty and result in a dramatic alteration of a person’s personality and memories.

“The procedure of human head transplantation dangerously presupposes that transplanting an individual’s head will also transplant an individual’s mind including consciousness, personality, and memories.”

“On the contrary, cognitive sciences have suggested that human cognition does not solely originate within the brain parenchyma; rather, humans exhibit an embodied cognition where our body participates in the formation of self,” the scientists warned.

Let’s talk ethics

Neuroscientists at the fore of this experimental research are calling for discussion around the ethics of their work but argued that these difficult questions should not halt their progress.

In an essay published in Nature, a group of researchers, including Sestan, noted advancements in the field mean tough conversations need to take place: “As brain surrogates become larger and more sophisticated, the possibility of them having capabilities akin to human sentience might become less remote.”

For many on social media the prospect of this Black Mirror-esque concept becoming a reality has left them more than a little unsettled.

 

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A research study led by the University of Edinburgh explored the science behind the biological processes that drive the creation of our memories
The article collapsed when I encountered the abuse of the word science in the above sentence. Biologoy is a natural science, i.e. the study of natural phenomena related to living organisms so in fact the biological processes underlie the science rather that the science driving the biological processes.

Scientists create human-sheep chimera with hopes of affordable organ transplants

A team of scientists has grown hybrid embryos in the womb of a sheep that contain human stem cells, moving the sci-fi idea of developing human organs inside animals one step closer to reality, and sparking ethical concerns.

The development could potentially save thousands lives among people who are in a need of vital organ transplants. Many patients die before they reach to the top of a queue, but scientists have long claimed organs like a pancreas for example, grown inside a pig, sheep or some other animal, could possibly not only save a life but also cure a chronic illness such Type 1 Diabetes.

This week, the team from Stanford University announced they had grown a sheep embryo injected with adult human stem cells for 28 days, including 21 days inside a sheep mother. The news was revealed at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Austin, Texas, the Guardian reports. The experiment had to be terminated, as U.S. law forbids developing cross-species embryos, called chimera, for more than 28 days.

Researchers had already created the first human-pig hybrid. The major difference this time is they achieved a much higher ratio of human cells to animal cells in the hybrid embryo, which is one human cell to about 10,000 sheep cells, according to Dr. Pablo Ross from the University of California.

To prevent the natural abortion of the unnatural embryo and create the part-human, part-animal chimera, the researchers use a gene-editing technique. First, they deleted genes needed for developing a certain organ in an animal embryo, then they injected human stem cells to fill the void. In 2010, Japanese scientists were the first to use this method to create a mouse and rat chimera, where the rat cells were introduced into a mouse to form a missing pancreas.

Last year, the same team that is now working on a sheep embryo, announced that it had, for the most part, cured diabetes in mice after transplanting a mouse pancreas it had grown in a rat.

There’s still a long way to go until this could be possible to replicate on humans, the researchers said. Unlike the rats or mice, both sheep and pigs have organs similar in size to those of a human.

“It could take five years or it could take 10 years but I think eventually we will be able to do this,” the study’s co-author Hiromitsu Nakauchi of Stanford University said.

GM babies? How About The Frankenstein Lobby Try A Bit Of Honesty And Call It Eugenics
As the British Parliament debated legalising the use of techniques to create three parent babies and the dishonest champions of scientific fascism claim is is a perfectly safe development to remove faulty genes from humanity and in no way similar to programs with the same aim carried out in Nazi Germany, we challenge them to be honest and admit what they propose is Eugenics, a morally repugnant quest to create a master race. And all three main political parties support it.

Transhumanism and Eugenics
We have said many times that the science community is at war with humanity. Scientists are out of control, evry day we hear of some new scheme to try to control nature, be it human nature or the climate. Given what we ought to have learned from all previous attempts to control nature we can only conclude that scientists are insane psychos willing to risk destroying life to show off how clever they are.
Transhumanism: Join The Resistance
Transhumanism, the creation of – or turning us into – part human, part machine cyborgs is generating a lot of discussion and a lot of spontaneous ejaculations in the scientific community as they contemplate having their brains replaced by a computer. There are no limits on the ambitions of scientists fantasies, they even envisage creating robots that can interbreed with us, but how much is realistic?
Transhumanism: They will get under your skin
We seem to be talking a lot about transhumanism, the process of turing us into human – animal or human -machine hybrids recently. The Daily Stirer thinks such technological visions are nothing more than the fantasies of sick minds, but politicians and corporate leaders, ever eager for more power and control, seem willing to stump up infintie funding.
Technology and Transhumanism
Prof Mark Post, a researcher at the University of Maastricht, has spent several years developing a technique for growing meat in the lab. Yesterday, he unveiled the product of his work: a petri-dish beefburger, grown from stem cells. Genetically, it is beef, but it has never seen a cow. The eye-watering price tag represents the cost of the whole project (Google’s Sergey Brin was picking up the bill). The shamburger was cooked via a live video stream on the internet, and was pronounced as basically meat-like (if lacking salt and fat) by a panel of chefs, who for some reason ate it without ketchup.

Artificial Intelligence: Will It Kill Human Society?
The media, the so called ‘experts’ and politicians hail every technological advance as if it will btransport us from reality to a utopian paradise. but does Artificial Intelligence and related internet and computer technology pose theats to human society that far outweigh any possible advantages? Whateve, Google plan to put machines in our place on top of the food chain.

Is Technology Creating Physical and Psychological Hazards In The Digital Age?
Scientific research used to be the area of work that trailblazers, those with an unquenchable desire for new experience and a hyperactive sense of adventure wanted to be involved in. Now those who label themselves ‘scientists’ seem to have become the high priests of an ultra – conservative religion, determined at all costs to block progess that may lead to understanding that the dogmas of the past are just wrong

The Mummers: The Controlling system And The Illusion Of Freedom
We live in a world of deception, where truth is an ephemeral thing, slippery as an eel and shadowy as a spectre. What we are expected to perceive as reality is just spin and misinformation designed to ensure the elite maintain their control. There’s eff all you can do just get on with your life, say the shills for big government and authoritarianism. But are we really nothing more than slaves of the system?

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Scientists Discover New Human Ancestor

Picture source – Daily Express

A NEW species of human – the Homo Naledi has been discovered in a cave in South Africa, an international team of scientists have confirmed. The new species was discovered 50 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa and is being hailed as the ‘find of the century” by scientists.

With a brain the size of an orange, a slender body, ape-like shoulders and feet almost identical to humans, the skeleton provides a unique insight into our human past.

Standing at approximately five-feet tall and weighing almost 100 pounds, scientists claim the ancestor’s skull shows a marked similarity to our own.

The 1,550 fossil elements excavated from the cave are believed to be parts of at least 15 infants, children, adults and elderly of the same species – and are just a small fraction of the fossils discovered.

Announced by the University of the Witwatersrand, the National Geographic Society and the South African Department of Science and Technology, the discovery sheds light on the origins and diversity of human ancestry.

The new species was discovered 50 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa and is being hailed as the ‘find of the century” by scientists.

With a brain the size of an orange, a slender body, ape-like shoulders and feet almost identical to humans, the skeleton provides a unique insight into our human past.

Standing at approximately five-feet tall and weighing almost 100 pounds, scientists claim the ancestor’s skull shows a marked similarity to our own.

The 1,550 fossil elements excavated from the cave are believed to be parts of at least 15 infants, children, adults and elderly of the same species – and are just a small fraction of the fossils discovered.

Announced by the University of the Witwatersrand, the National Geographic Society and the South African Department of Science and Technology, the discovery sheds light on the origins and diversity of human ancestry.

The new species was discovered 50 kilometers northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa and is being hailed as the ‘find of the century” by scientists.

With a brain the size of an orange, a slender body, ape-like shoulders and feet almost identical to humans, the skeleton provides a unique insight into our human past.

Standing at approximately five-feet tall and weighing almost 100 pounds, scientists claim the ancestor’s skull shows a marked similarity to our own.

The 1,550 fossil elements excavated from the cave are believed to be parts of at least 15 infants, children, adults and elderly of the same species – and are just a small fraction of the fossils discovered.

Announced by the University of the Witwatersrand, the National Geographic Society and the South African Department of Science and Technology, the discovery sheds light on the origins and diversity of human ancestry.

It looks less human than Australopithicus Afrensis, which has been pronounced NOT a human ancestor. But from a coule of glarting illogicalities in the scientists claim I would guess the new species closest relative is Piltdown Man

Piltdown Man, primitive ancestor of Superman?

Saying The Unsayable: Today, Melanie Phillips

Mel Phillips (source) – just posted the piccy to wind up the facebook hate mob

Watching BBC Question Time last Thursday, I was struck once again by the way it was left to one of the stock hate figures of the left, Melanie Phillips, to actually pronounce the great, clunking truth that left wing hate mobs have made unsayable.

So often it is Peter Hitchens, David Starkey, Ms. Phillips hersel, Richard Littlejohn, Nigel Farage or even Katie Hopkins (though she’s an amateur compared with the others) to articulate what is staring everybody in the effing face. And the rabid response from the left wing hate mobs only serves to underline the truth of what the ‘progressive left’ do no want said.

And what did the erudite but abrasive Melanie say on Question Time, you might well ask. Now I’m not putting this in quotation marks because I don’t remember the exact wording and the hospital connection is too slow to stream a replay of the show, but responding to a question on how the ISIS threat, the tide of immigrants crossing the Mediterranean and other aspects of third world meltdown should be dealt with, so that the people of the world come together to join hands and sing Kumbaya? She pointed out that we in the west always make the arrogant assumption that all the world’s people see things as we do and want the same outcomes as we want.

The worst culprits in denying human diversity are of course the very people who screech the loudest about the need for more diversity, the lefties. Marxism however, even the limp wristed Cultural Marxism of the twenty – first century, has always been about the suppression of diversity, the subjugation of individualism to the service of the state.

So when lefties talk of ‘diversity’ what they mean is a society of different skin colours but a single mindset, the Pensée Unique to use a lovely French phrase, which allows for no dissent or diversity of thought. This is of course, the traditional aim of tyranny.

Oh brave new world that has such creatures it it, one of Shakespeare’s characters might have quipped.

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